This is a very serious and life threatening condition. Please visit this website and read Dr. Henry de Boer's article on Heat Stroke. http://www.workingdogs.com/deboer_heatstroke.htm
Heatstroke occurs when normal body mechanisms cannot keep the body's temperature in a safe range. Animals do not have efficient cooling systems (like humans who sweat) and get overheated easily. A dog with moderate heatstroke (body temperature from 104º to 106ºF - 40C - 41C) can recover within an hour if given PROMPT first aid and veterinary care (normal body temperature is 100-102.5°F = 38C - 39C). Severe heatstroke (body temperature over 106ºF,) can be deadly and immediate veterinary assistance is needed.
Signs: A dog suffering from heatstroke will display several signs:
* Rapid panting
* Bright red tongue
* Red or pale gums
* Thick, sticky saliva
* May be standing four square, posting or spreading out, trying to maintain balance
* Going "off it's legs"
* "Wild" look in eyes
* Vomiting - sometimes with blood
What you should do
Remove the dog from the hot area immediately. Prior to taking him to your vet, lower his temperature by wetting him thoroughly with cool water NOT VERY COLD WATER (for very small dogs, use lukewarm water), then increase air movement around him with a fan.
CAUTION: Using very cold, iced water can actually be counterproductive. Cooling too quickly and especially allowing his body temperature to become too low can cause other life-threatening medical conditions. The rectal temperature should be checked every 5 minutes. Once the body temperature is 103ºF (39.4 Celcius) the cooling measures should be stopped and the dog should be dried thoroughly and covered so he does not continue to lose heat. Even if the dog appears to be recovering, take him to your vet as soon as possible. He should still be examined since he may be dehydrated or have other complications.
Allow free access to water or a children's rehydrating solution if the dog can drink on his own. DO NOT try to force-feed cold water; the dog may inhale it or choke.
What your vet will do
Your vet will lower your dog's body temperature to a safe range (if you have not already) and continually monitor his temperature. Your dog will be given fluids, and possibly oxygen. He will be monitored for shock, respiratory distress, kidney failure, heart abnormalities, and other complications, and treated accordingly. Blood samples may be taken before and during the treatment. The clotting time of the blood will be monitored, since clotting problems are a common complication.
Dogs with moderate heatstroke often recover without complicating health problems. Severe heatstroke can cause organ damage that might need ongoing care such as a special diet prescribed by your vet. Dogs who suffer from heatstroke once increase their risk for getting it again and steps must be taken to prevent it on hot, humid days.
Any pet that cannot cool himself off is at risk for heatstroke. Following these guidelines can help prevent serious problems.
* Keep pets with predisposing conditions like heart disease, obesity, older age, or breathing problems cool and in the shade. Even normal activity for these pets can be harmful.
* Provide access to water at all times.
* Do not leave your pet in a hot parked car even if you're in the shade or will only be gone a short time. The temperature inside a parked car can quickly reach up to 140 degrees.
* Make sure outside dogs have access to shade.
* On a hot day, restrict exercise and don't take your dog jogging with you. Too much exercise when the weather is very hot can be dangerous.
* Do not muzzle your dog.
* Avoid places like the beach and especially concrete or asphalt areas where heat is reflected and there is no access to shade.
* Wetting down your dog with cool water or allowing him to swim can help maintain a normal body temperature.
* Move your dog to a cool area of the house. Air conditioning is one of the best ways to keep a dog cool, but is not always dependable. To provide a cooler environment, freeze water in soda bottles, or place ice and a small amount of water in several resealable food storage bags, then wrap them in a towel or tube sock. Place them on the floor for the dog to lay on.
Pump and spray garden bottles are an excellent way to wet your dog. They can hold about two gallons. You can mist or soak them down.
Some dogs are stress drinkers and some dogs drink less when under stress. If your dog drinks less or doesn't eat well when stressed (dogs with decreased appetites often do not drink well), try some of these things:
* Gatorade, not so much for the electrolytes as for the taste, and/or beef or chicken broth with you to encourage your dog to drink. Some dogs like the broth even if it's watered down.
* You can also try adding baby food to water to encourage drinking.
* You can place cold packs under the armpits and in the groin regions of overheated dogs to help cool them down. (DON'T ice the paws -- the dog will just shut down the blood supply to them!)
* Keep rubbing alcohol in your emergency kit. At a pinch, you can soak a dog's paws in it for the evaporative cooling effect!
* Add ice cubes or hard sided ice packs to water dishes. Some dogs will eat ice cubes even when they don't want to drink!
* Keep your dog in the shade as much as possible. If you are keeping him in a cage, make sure it is entirely shaded.
* Consider carrying a battery operated fan.
DOGS THAT DO DOG SPORTS CAN, AND HAVE DIED WITH HEATSTROKE.
MAKE SURE YOURS DOESN'T!!!!
Between racing, keep your dogs quiet and cool.
A child's sandpit filled with water is ideal for a dog to lie down in to cool itself. If you have room in your vehicle, take one with you to competitions where no paddle pools are available.
There are Doggy Pools that can be folded: no air pump or endless blowing up: just unfold it and put water in, from zooplus.co.uk
Prevention is better than cure.
Border Collie Collapse The Syndrome and How to tell BCC from heat exhaustion/heatstroke
Border Collie collapse (BCC) is an episodic nervous system disorder that is triggered by strenuous exercise. BCC is recognized throughout North America, Europe, and Australia and is observed in dogs used for working stock, as well as dogs participating in agility or fly-ball competitions or repeatedly retrieving a ball. This disorder has also been called exercise induced collapse (EIC), exercise induced hyperthermia, stress seizures and "the wobbles".
Affected dogs are normal at rest and seem healthy. Typical collapse episodes begin 5 – 15 min after onset of exercise and include disorientation, dull mentation or loss of focus; swaying, staggering and falling to the side; exaggerated lifting of each limb while walking and a choppy gait; scuffing of the rear and/or forelegs, and crossing of the legs when turning. All of the factors contributing to the tendency for an affected dog to collapse on a given day (excitement, heat, intensity of exercise) have not been determined. Some dogs seem relatively normal while they are exercising but only show symptoms about 5 minutes after exercise is halted. Dogs are abnormal for 5 to 30 minutes, but then recover completely with no residual lameness or muscle stiffness or discomfort. Affected dogs are often unable to exercise and must be retired from competition and work.
Investigators at the the University of Minnesota (Drs. Ned Patterson and Jim Mickelson, and Katie Minor), University of Saskatchewan (Drs. Susan Taylor and Cindy Shmon), and the University of California, San Diego (Dr. Diane Shelton) are involved in a large-scale project to investigate this disorder. The objectives of the project are to (1) establish clinical, hematologic and biochemical parameters for normal Border Collies participating in a standardized exercise protocol, (2) to evaluate dogs with BCC participating in a standardized exercise protocol to determine clinical or clinicopathologic markers for BCC at rest or after exercise that will help veterinarians diagnose BCC and help us understand the cause of collapse, (3) to fully describe the clinical features of BCC to facilitate recognition by dog owners and veterinarians, (4) to evaluate the heritability of BCC, (5) to determine the genetic cause of BCC, and (6) to develop a genetic test for BCC to aid diagnosis and to allow breeding decisions to be made to avoid producing affected pups.
Dr. Sue Taylor (University of Saskatchewan - Western College of Veterinary Medicine) is currently performing strenuous exercise studies (sheep herding and ball-chasing) with normal Border collies and dogs with BCC. Dogs with BCC have normal physical, orthopedic and neurologic examinations at rest. Dogs with BCC and normal Border collies develop alterations in rectal temperature, hematologic, biochemical, blood gas and acid base parameters that are very similar to those previously described in normal exercising Labrador retrievers. No abnormalities have been detected in serum electrolytes (sodium and potassium), blood sugar, blood cortisol, ability to ventilate, or heart rhythm that can explain the collapse in dogs with BCC. Dogs with BCC and normal Border collies all develop very high body temperatures (often >41.7C, >107F) after 10 minutes of strenuous exercise, but they cool down quickly when exercise is halted. Normal and BCC affected dogs are negative for the dynamin 1 mutation causing EIC in Labrador Retrievers. Thus far no differences between the normal dogs and the dogs with BCC have been identified except that the dogs with BCC exhibit gait and mentation abnormalities as described above. Dogs with BCC remain abnormal for 5 to 30 minutes, but then recover completely with no residual lameness or muscle stiffness or discomfort.
**Free Exercise Study Opportunity**
How can I tell Border Collie Collapse from heat exhaustion / heat stroke?
A commonly asked question is how to differentiate BCC episodes from recurrent heat exhaustion or heat stroke. For years, dogs with episodes of BCC have been labeled as “heat intolerant” because collapse is most likely to occur in hot weather. Dogs with BCC certainly are hot after exercise but their body temperatures are not higher than normal dogs performing the same exercise so it is not simply overheating causing collapse. Also it is important to recognize that the collapse episodes we see in dogs with BCC are very different from those associated with actual heat stroke. Heat stroke severe enough to cause mentation changes, gait abnormalities and collapse in a dog will be life-threatening and often fatal. Recovery, if it does occur, is slow and prolonged (hours to days) even with intensive treatment. Laboratory evaluation reveals a dramatic increase in the muscle enzyme CK and many affected dogs develop acute kidney failure. More than 80% of dogs collapsed due to heat stroke exhibit mentation changes that are severe, progressive and persistent (for hours to days). Damage to blood vessel walls leads to widespread clot formation, damage to multiple organs, low platelet numbers and often widespread bleeding. In contrast, dogs with BCC-related collapse episodes show no laboratory abnormalities and recover quickly – returning to normal within 5 to 30 minutes. Besides the severity of collapse episodes, the recurrent nature of BCC-related episodes and the fact that collapse can occur even on days with moderate or cool ambient temperatures helps to distinguish BCC from heat-related illness.
GRAPE AND RAISIN TOXICITY IN DOGS
Contributors Mr Alexander Campbell BSc
Dr Patricia Talcott MS DVM PhD DipABVT
Synonyms Vitis Vinifera, Grape, Raisin, Sultana, Currant, Introduction
All fruit products of Vitis vinifera(a perennial woody climbing vine (grapes) should be considered potentially toxic to dogs. Anecdotal evidence of poisoning exists in cats, but this has not been well documented.
Signs: gastrointestinal effects, anorexia, and lethargy. In many cases renal failure characterized by oliguria or anuria, and accompanying elevation in levels of calcium, phosphorus, urea and creatinine.
Diagnosis : signs and case history.
Treatment : no antidote. Gastric decontamination, aggressive fluid therapy and supportive management.
Prognosis : fatal cases are common, particularly in animals that develop oliguria or anuria.
Diagnosis Clinical signs
Severe, protracted vomiting.
Presence of partially digested raisins/grapes/sultanas/currants in vomitus or stools.
Severe abdominal tenderness/cramping and anorexia.
Pale mucous membranes.
Oliguria or anuria.
Acute renal failure
Prognosis is extremely poor for late-presenting animals with oliguria, anuria and confirmed renal failure.
Cognitive Dysfunction Syndrome in Dogs
Dementia (Geriatric) in Dogs
Cognitive dysfunction syndrome is a condition related to the ageing of a dog's brain, which ultimately leads to changes in awareness, deficits in learning and memory, and decreased responsiveness to stimuli. Although the initial symptoms of the disorder are mild, they gradually worsen over time, also known as “cognitive decline.” In fact, clinical signs of cognitive dysfunction syndrome are found in 50 percent of dogs over the age of 11, and by the age of 15, 68 percent of dogs display at least one sign.
Symptoms and Types
Decreased desire to play
Seeming disregard for previously learned training or house rules
Slow to learn new tasks
Inability to follow familiar routes
Lack of self-grooming
Faecal and urinary incontinence
Loss of appetite (anorexia)
Changes in sleep cycle (i.e, night waking, sleeping during the day)
Causes Although the exact cause of cognitive dysfunction syndrome is currently unknown, genetic factors may predispose an animal to develop the condition.
Diagnosis You will need to give a thorough history of your dog’s health to your veterinarian, including the onset and nature of the symptoms and possible incidents that might have precipitated the unusual behaviors or complications. He or she will then perform a complete physical examination to evaluate the overall health status and cognitive functions of the dog. Routine blood tests, ultrasounds, and X-rays are also employed to rule out other diseases that may lead to behavioral changes associated with cognitive dysfunction syndrome.
Kennel cough is not a serious disease in most otherwise healthy dogs. However, it is very contagious and will spread rapidly around the dog population. As its name suggests, it causes coughing that can go on for a month in some cases.
Just as in people with a cold, coughing is brought on by exercise, excitement and exposure to cold air. If your dog has kennel cough you should keep them in a warm environment (where possible) and try not to exercise them too much. Avoid situations where your dog is likely to bark, as this is highly likely to cause coughing. If your dog normally wears a collar, take this off, to stop it irritating his throat, and exercise him/her outside with a harness or halter and lead. You may also want to soften their hard food with warm water to make it easier for them to swallow. Above all be responsible - remember that other dogs are at risk of catching the cough from your dog. Do not take him to places where he is likely to meet other dogs (particularly in closed spaces like dog training classes) while he is still coughing and for a few days after.
LINKS TO DOG HEALTH ARTICLES
Important Border Collie Health Databases
This website contains results of DNA testing for:
CEA/CH (Collie Eye Anomaly / Choroidal Hypoplasia),
CL (NCL - Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis),
and TNS (Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome) genes in Border Collies.
IMPORTANT BORDER COLLIE HEALTH DATABASES
http://bc-glaucomadatabase.synthasite.com (Border Collie Goniodysgenesis Database)
This site is to record all Border Collies who have been opthalmically tested by an eye specialist for the predisposition to develop NARROW ANGLED glaucoma
Health Tests available for Border Collies
Information on all these tests can be found on the Pastoral Breeds Health Foundation Website - www.pbhf-dog.com
DNA testing for CEA/CH - Collie Eye Anomaly/Choridal Hypoplasia
DNA testing for CL - Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis
DNA testing for TNS - Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome
Eye Testing for PRA - Progressive Retinal Atrophy
Eye Testing - BVA/KC/ISDS
Hip Scoring - BVA/KC
Hearing Test - BAER
Website created and maintained by Valerie Rothlisberger-Jones. All photographs are copyright